vic-a-bit

Description of the Project

In my project, I discussed the gender roles that women and men have. I focused on women and how they are effected by them. I made women box which are the ideas of what we think women are. I also, have a figure of a women on a pedestal.

List of ideas

Doing Gender: When we interact with other people, we are encouraged and, to some extent (eventually), feel compelled to ‘act like a man’ or ‘act like a woman.’ Behaving according to these ideals or failing to live up to them (depending on whether we are seen as male-bodied or female-bodied persons) is the “doing” of gender. To put it differently, “Gender…is the activity of managing situated conduct in light of normative conceptions of attitudes and activities appropriate for one’s sex category.” For men, for example, doing gender means “to have sex with women,” “to dominate women and other men,” “to be strong(er than women and other men),” etc. For a woman, doing gender means “to have sex with men,” “to mother children,” “to be a wife to a man,” “to do (most of the) domestic labor,” etc. (West and Zimmerman 2004:151) & (Hoynes and Croteau 2013:313)

Sexual Harassment: “unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical harassment of a sexual nature.” (Hoynes and Croteau 2013:313) This can involve both intentional, such as when a boss threatens a subordinate with punitive measures if they don’t provide them with sexual favors, and unintentional behavior, such as when a co-worker tells a ‘funny’ joke to another co-worker. (Hoynes and Croteau 2013:300-301)

Heterosexism: We’re using this term to mean not only “attitudes and behaviors that indicate an assumption that everyone is heterosexual” (Hoynes and Croteau 2013:313) but also cultural conceptions and practices that involve the abuse, belittling, degradation, threatening, and general social repression of queer people or queerness. E.g., a boy in the United States was beaten, thrown off a bridge, and murdered because of the ‘feminine’ way that he walked. What could make a walk so threatening that the person who enacts it must have their life exterminated?

Patriarchy (Hoynes and Croteau 2013:313)

Homophobia (Hoynes and Croteau 2013:313

Blaming the Victim: This occurs whenever a minority/oppressed group is held responsible for their oppression—this practice takes the place of holding the majority groups and oppressive social institutions accountable for the oppression of minorities.

Virgen/Puta Double-Bind: The fact that women are called names like ‘whore’ or ‘slut’ for the same promiscuous acts as men is not just part of a double-standard: its part of a double-bind. In other words, women can’t win. If they are as promiscuous as men, the double-standard is invoked, but if they are celibate and a virgin, then they are called another set of names like ‘prude,’ which are designed to punish a woman for not letting men exploit her body for their pleasure and for proving their manhood. (Anzaldua 1987:31)

Rape Culture: “is a set of values and beliefs that provide an environment conducive to rape…” (Boswell and Spade 2010:289

 

Gender-Hostage Acceptance: A person’s acceptance into a group depends on their conformity with a number of rules and standards. It is typical of modern cultures to reject someone who is to some degree ‘gender queer’ or gender nonconforming. This explains (at least partly) the practices of homophobia and transphobia in our culture such as the ‘fag discourse,’ whereby boys (and men) engage in a name-calling process designed to police behavior deemed unacceptable for a boy/man (i.e., feminine behavior). Parents, teachers, relatives, peers—indeed the majority of society—engages in (not-so) subtle forms of gender-coercion such as praising a male-bodied child for being ‘brave’ and ‘strong’ or praising a female-bodied child for being ‘pretty’ and ‘sweet.’ The message is clear at a very early age: “If you want us to like you, act like a boy if you’re male-bodied or a girl if you’re female-bodied—and not like both.” Another example: the boy that rides the pink bike and gets fussed at by his father for doing so is learning that they have a choice to make. Either the child does what he wants or he gets father’s acceptance, but he can’t have both—and it’s probably apparent to the child what the ‘right’ choice is. Producing “gender is undertaken by women and men whose competence as members of society is hostage to its production.” (West and Zimmerman 2004:150)

Ideology: “the complex set of rationales and rationalizations through which a group, class, or nation interprets the world and justifies its actions within it. An ideology usually is fervently believed by those who espouse it.” (Domhoff 2010:377

How did you make it?

 While deciding what to make, I went to various websites. I remembered the common saying that “men put women on pedestals”. I thought to my self that the claim was not true. The idea of the man box gave me  the idea to manipulate  the idea into the women box. I created the women box using Microsoft paint.
Advice to Others
I would advise students that attempted this assignment to spend at least two hours browsing the internet. I would also recommend that all student reread all the past readings to gain an advanced understanding of the theoretical ideas.
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