Addiction from Start to End
Name (print): HEATHER PETERMAN

Blog Username (print):hnpeterman

Blog Class Category (print): Hoolgians

Directions. Next to “Sociological Idea:” put the name of the idea that you used for that pair—the idea names are provided on the blog posts listed under the category Final Study Guide; only use the name, not the whole idea. Next to “Related Aspect of the Phenomenon:” put a paraphrase of the stories found on the approved info source—this paraphrase should serve as an example of the sociological idea paired with it. Next to “URL:” copy and paste the URL for the webpage from which you took the paraphrase. To be clear, you need to use the webpage URL not the website URL. For example, instead of http://www.ted.com, which is the website URL, you would use the URL for the specific TED talk, such as http://www.ted.com/jacobtalkabee/new_ways_of_converting_matter.

#1 Sociological Idea: Culture in our heads: values, beliefs, knowledge and Norms. (pg.60- experience sociology)
Related Aspect of the Phenomenon: Addiction is defined as a chronic, relapsing brain disease that is characterized by compulsive drug seeking and use, despite harmful consequences. † It is considered a brain disease because drugs change the brain—they change its structure and how it works. These brain changes can be long-lasting, and can lead to the harmful behaviors seen in people who abuse drugs. Flowing the effects mentioned above it causes to addict to no longer have values or morals, they are not aware of what appropriate behavior is because they are totally consumed by the fact that they NEED the only thing that will cure their sickness.
Miami police suspect that what caused a 31-year-old man to rip off his clothes and viciously gnaw on the face of another man in a daylight attack on a busy highway is a new and extremely dangerous street drug known as “bath salts.”

URL: https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugs-brains-behavior-science-addiction/preface
http://abcnews.go.com/US/face-eating-attack-possibly-linked-bath-salts-miami/story?id=16451452

#2 Sociological Idea: Culture, Ideology, and power.
Related Aspect of the Phenomenon: A role model is any individual whose behavior in a particular role is copied by other people. The most common reason why people will copy such behavior is that they believe that it will benefit them in some way. They wish to be more like the person they are trying to imitate. A good role model in recovery would be an individual who has built a successful life away from addiction.
It is possible for role models to have a good or bad influence. This is why celebrities and athletes are heavily criticized when they indulge in negative behaviors such as taking drugs. The worry is that their fans might be encouraged to copy such behavior. Sober/Good remodels makes all the difference when it comes to leading a sober life.
Addict in recovery most admirable thing (good remodel)- Steven Tyler, Aerosmith lead signer states in his autobiography, he was spending $2,000 a week on heroin, cocaine and alcohol. “I blew 20 million. I snorted my Porsche, I snorted my plane, I snorted my house in that din of drugs and booze and being lost.”

Poor remodel (refused help, drug overdose)- Amy Winehouse has been found dead at her home in London.
The Back to Black singer was found at the property by emergency services at 3.54pm, and it’s believed Winehouse’s death was due to a suspected drug overdose.
Winehouse was apparently ‘beyond help’ when paramedics arrived, according to Sky sources.
Sources have also claimed Winehouse’s death was due to a drug overdose.

URL: http://alcoholrehab.com/addiction-recovery/good-role-models-in-recovery/
http://www.new-hope-recovery.com/center/2014/05/07/celebrity-heroin/

#3 Sociological Idea: Ethnomethodology (pg.91- Experiencing Sociology)
Related Aspect of the Phenomenon: Methods people use to make sense of their daily activates, which eventually become their daily routine. Routine is a huge part to a successful recovery, these are the benefits; helps easy anxiety, promotes stability, self-confidence, gives you something to rely on times of crisis, responsibility, self-esteem, can add joy,

When I started using cocaine, I arranged my life so I could get high several times during the day. I’d take a snort first thing in the morning to face the day. Then I’d do more coke later in the day, between getting to work, doing errands, and seeing friends. But I couldn’t keep it under control. There is no control when it comes to cocaine addiction.
Now that I’m in treatment, I’m trying to take care of myself. I’m learning to deal with difficult feelings by talking to a counselor, rather than taking a drug. When I am by myself, sometimes I get tempted to use again. That’s why counseling and support groups are part of my daily life now. It’s also important for me to stay connected with friends and family. I need to feel like a part of the world around me.
URL: https://www.recoveryranch.com/articles/early-recovery/how-routine-helps-in-recovery/
https://easyread.drugabuse.gov/content/my-life-was-built-around-getting-cocaine-and-getting-high

#4 Sociological Idea: Peer Groups (pg.140)
Related Aspect of the Phenomenon: A group of people, usually comparable in age who share similar interest and social status. Many Individuals feel pressed among their peer group. Not only are they pressured to want to fit in but also to be liked.
The teenagers said their friends were pressured into faking drug-taking in order to fit in with their peers.
Boys were twice as likely as girls to pretend they had taken drugs, and teenagers living in the South East were more prone to talking up their behavior
The report questioned more than 1,000 11 to 18-year-olds across the UK.
The survey also made three conclusions about the effect of peer pressure on drug and alcohol use:
Teens with friends who do drugs and drink alcohol are more likely to do the same.
Teens who do drugs and drink alcohol are more likely to convince their friends to do it too.
Teens who do drugs and drink alcohol are more likely to seek out other teens who do the same.
URL: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-315092/Teenagers-admit-drug-peer-pressure.html

#5 Sociological Idea: Effects of Deviance
Related Aspect of the Phenomenon: They are more likely to face negative consequences and limited options in life. Those are labeled mentally ill, criminal, and/ or end up locked up.
The first two times Kenneth Harvey was caught with drugs in California, he was given probation. Then, to earn $300, at the age of 24 he took a flight in 1989 from Los Angeles to Kansas City to deliver a vial of cocaine strapped to his leg. This time he went to prison for good.
When Judge Howard Sachs imposed the mandatory sentence of life without parole in federal court in Missouri, he said he was troubled by the disproportionate punishment.

URL: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/12/science/life-without-parole-four-inmates-stories.html

#6 Sociological Idea: Media(pg.383)
Related Aspect of the Phenomenon: Active Audiences make choices about how they use media and actively interpret media content.
The factors that contribute to a youth’s decision to use drugs or alcohol exist in seemingly endless varieties. One of the most easily perceived among them is the media in all its forms, which is evolving and becoming more complex every day. Countless images create impressions for youth that intoxication is a rewarding and glamorous experience, a way to be accepted and admired, a path to happiness, etc.
Once upon a time it was much easier to keep an eye on your kids’ media consumption; today it’s getting harder and harder if not utterly impossible. It’s not just a matter of switching off the TV. Media influence is not limited to one place. It’s everywhere. Bus stands, billboards, subways, TV, song lyrics, music videos, print ads, movies, books, YouTube, and social media all have a huge impact on young people. It’s not easy for parents to monitor computer time when your child and all his friends have a smartphone or a tablet. Add to that the fact that parents are increasingly busy these days, often holding multiple jobs, and you get an idea of the scene.
According to the study, teens that have seen pictures on social media of other teens doing drugs, drinking, or passed out, are four times more likely to have used marijuana, three times more likely to have consumed alcohol, and almost three times more likely to have used tobacco. Not only do I agree that the social media may have an impact on teens’ desire to try drugs and/or alcohol but I also think it is the culture of 2012. The media, including popular music, tv shows, movies, magazines, etc., all have messages about getting drunk, doing drugs, partying, forgetting what happened the night before-the list goes on and on.
URL: https://www.drugabuse.gov/news-events/news-releases/2014/07/social-media-can-influence-teens-pro-drug-messages
http://www.addictionpro.com/blogs/shannon-brys/increasing-teens-use-social-media-drugs-and-alcohol

#7 Sociological Idea: Education and Schooling (pg. 347)
Related Aspect of the Phenomenon: As the institution through which individuals acquire knowledge and skills and learn cultural norms and values
75% of teens will try alcohol and 50% will try marijuana before they graduate. Instead of giving our teens honest information about drugs, we have police go into schools give them reefer madness.
Honest drug education would tell young people about the true effects and consequences—good, bad and terrifying—that can happen from a range of drugs like alcohol, marijuana, and prescription pills. One area of substantial progress when it comes to young people and drugs is the campaign against cigarette smoking. This campaign treats teens with respect and gives honest information about smoking’s consequences. Teens also can see the harm of cigarette smoking in the lives of their loved ones.
URL: http://disinfo.com/2011/08/should-kids-be-taught-safe-drug-use-in-school/

#8 Sociological Idea: Family (pg.324)
Related Aspect of the Phenomenon: Your family is made up of the people who claimed you, and the people who chose to stay with you regardless of what the situation entailed. Just as they were there for you in good times, and in bad times, so must you be there for them!

Families living with addiction experience a range of destructive emotions, which affect their mental health, their behavior, and their quality of life. Among these are: stress (The family is always on edge, never knowing how the addict will behave one minute to another. They feel lost, confused and stressed, as the addict goes on his manipulative, lying way. When the addict resorts to crime to buy his drugs, when he has an accident because he was high and out of it, when he becomes violent and gets into a fight, family members may feel forced to go to the rescue to save him and save the good name of the family), guilt (family members feel responsible for the drug problem in their midst), anger (Exasperation and frustration are constants in households where addiction exists) and denial and shame (family members may go into a state of denial. Because it is too painful and humiliating to face the reality that a loved one is an addict, family members turn their faces from the evidence. In effect, they are trying to keep the fact of the addiction a secret from themselves and others.).
URL: http://hamrah.co/en/pages/addiction-effects-on-family/

#9 Sociological Idea: Social Status (pg. 224)
Related Aspect of the Phenomenon: Its consist of 3 major social classes, upper class (1%), middle class, and lower class.
Lower class; Those in the lower-middle class often abuse illegal street drugs, cigarettes and alcohol. Much of the motivation to do drugs for this group comes from peer pressure and family history. Statistics show that the US consumes more than 60 percent of the world’s illegal drugs, and much of the illegal drug activity can be found in the inner-cities or lower socioeconomic areas.
Middle class; Drug use in the middle class and upper middle class looks different. In these socioeconomic areas, people are more likely to have health insurance and access to prescription drugs. Prescription painkillers may be readily available, they pay more attention to health and wellness and in general avoid smoking. Teens from these areas are less likely to try cigarettes because they have not been exposed to cigarette smoking in the home.
Upper-class; Wealthy people have greater access to both prescription and illegal drugs since cost is not an issue. This often leads to dangerous levels of recreational use, as frequent party goers experiment with lethal combinations to produce better highs. Drug use at this socioeconomic level is particularly dangerous because of those who enable drug user, like personal doctors or close friends with medical licenses.

URL: http://www.anchoragedrugtreatment.org/rehab-guide/how-social-status-affects-drug-use/

#10 Sociological Idea: Limits of biology
Related Aspect of the Phenomenon: Explains that men and women are equally capable of learning and doing the same traits and habits as each other but due to their biology build it does change the outcome of some affects.
Males start using drugs at an earlier age.
Males abuse drugs more often and in larger amounts.
Males are more likely to abuse alcohol and tobacco.
Males are more likely to engage in binge drinking (the consumption of five or more drinks in a short time period).
Males are up to three times more likely to smoke marijuana every day than females. However, with the growing movement to legitimize medical marijuana, the use of cannabis products may increase among females.
More women than men receive emergency treatment for opioid addiction and abuse. Females receive more prescriptions for prescription painkillers like Vicodin, Percocet, and OxyContin, possibly because they are more likely to experience physical conditions causing chronic pain, such as endometriosis and rheumatoid arthritis.
Males and females are equally likely to abuse stimulants. The use of cocaine, meth, and other stimulants occurs at similar rates in men and women. However, women tend to become addicted more quickly and to suffer more damage to their health. Women also have higher rates of relapse after finishing treatment
Approximately 33 percent of admissions to rehab facilities in 2011 were women, while nearly 67 percent were male.
For the majority of female admissions, the primary drug of abuse was alcohol.
More men than women (close to 81 percent versus nearly 61 percent) were treated for marijuana addiction as their primary drug of abuse.
Among older adults (age 65 and above) who were admitted to treatment facilities, three times more women than men reported prescription pain relievers as their primary drug of abuse.
URL: https://www.therecoveryvillage.com/drug-addiction/study-between-genders/

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