Finished Product:

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Project in Process:

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Description of the Project

My object is a physical representation of inequality. Minorities like, women, black, and muslims, do not have the same opportunities like, white males. My object represents minorities drowning in all of their problems while the majority is watching the minority drown on their pedestal where they are safe. It also shows that minorities can see how to fix the problem and save themselves from drowning but the majority is in control of the path to get to those options (the boats underneath the platform).

List of Ideas

Spiral of Silence: is a theory that explains how people keep quiet about controversial issues when they think that their opinions are not widely shared, in order to avoid social isolation. (Experience Sociology by Hoynes and Croteau 2013:441)

Blaming the Victim: This occurs whenever a minority/oppressed group is held responsible for their oppression—this practice takes the place of holding the majority groups and oppressive social institutions accountable for the oppression of minorities.This is where you quote the 10 ideas that you used in your project.  Follow this example for each of your ideas: “Crimes, for Durkheim, are acts that offend the collective conscience, or shared values of a society.” (Experience Sociology by D. Croteau and W. Hoynes, p.13-14; idea by Emile Durkheim)

Heterosexism: We’re using this term to mean not only “attitudes and behaviors that indicate an assumption that everyone is heterosexual” (Hoynes and Croteau 2013:313) but also cultural conceptions and practices that involve the abuse, belittling, degradation, threatening, and general social repression of queer people or queerness. E.g., a boy in the United States was beaten, thrown off a bridge, and murdered because of the ‘feminine’ way that he walked. What could make a walk so threatening that the person who enacts it must have their life exterminated?

War of Position: “is waged trhough efforts to gain access to voice and power in social institution (education, law, government, health care) in order to normalize discussions of social and economic inequities that inspire revolutionary acts to change structural inequities.” (Duncan-Andrade and Morrell 2008:83)

Domination: “the power to set the terms under which other groups and classes must operate, not total control.” (Domhoff 2010:374)

Doing Gender: When we interact with other people, we are encouraged and, to some extent (eventually), feel compelled to ‘act like a man’ or ‘act like a woman.’ Behaving according to these ideals or failing to live up to them (depending on whether we are seen as male-bodied or female-bodied persons) is the “doing” of gender. To put it differently, “Gender…is the activity of managing situated conduct in light of normative conceptions of attitudes and activities appropriate for one’s sex category.” For men, for example, doing gender means “to have sex with women,” “to dominate women and other men,” “to be strong(er than women and other men),” etc. For a woman, doing gender means “to have sex with men,” “to mother children,” “to be a wife to a man,” “to do (most of the) domestic labor,” etc. (West and Zimmerman 2004:151) & (Hoynes and Croteau 2013:313)

– Expandability: This concept could also be applied to the idea of ‘doing race’ (i.e., acting black, acting white, etc.).

Dependency Theory: This theory tries to explain global inequality in terms of a process of “the exploitation of weaker, poor nations by wealthy, more powerful ones” (Hoynes and Croteau 2013:244). Modernization theory paints a picture of global inequality being the result of traditions and their relation to production, whereas dependency their illustrates a procedure of international capture. “Rather than voluntarily opting out of development, poor countries were prevented from developing by powerful colonizers who became wealthy by exploiting their natural resources and cheap labor” (Hoynes and Croteau 2013:244).

Ideology: “the complex set of rationales and rationalizations through which a group, class, or nation interprets the world and justifies its actions within it. An ideology usually is fervently believed by those who espouse it.” (Domhoff 2010:377)

Deniable Victimization: A person may be better able to hurt another person, when told to do so by an authority if the victim of their violence is distant enough from their perceptions for them to put the victim out of their attention. With the victim out of sight and out of mind, the destructive meaning of one’s actions was subjected to a sort of ‘amnesia’ or ‘forgetting.’ “’It’s funny how you really begin to forget that there’s a guy out there, even though you can hear him. For a long time I just concentrated on pressing the switches and reading the words.’” Perhaps this is what televisual screens do to us when we hear about and see atrocities, but then we quickly change the channel or the story changes. If suffering is remote enough for us to deny it, we might just do so. (Milgram 1993:100-101)

Impress Authority, Neglect Victim: When we performing in front of an authority figure that asks us to harm another person, we may tend to put our concerns for how our performance affects the victim out of mind. “Most subjects seem quite concerned about the appearance they are making for the experimenter, and one could argue that this preoccupation in a relatively new and strange setting makes the subject somewhat insensitive to the triadic nature of the social situation….” The point that Philip Zimbardo also made is that the newness of the situation can make our anti-harm-oriented habits irrelevant because they don’t know how to operate in the new setting.
(Milgram 1993:102)

How did you make it?

I created my project from the way I understand the relationship between minority and majority. I figured out their relationship in class one day when we were talking about how hard it was for minorities to get help from the majority group. I understood their relationship the best by saying the minority is drowning in their problems while the majority is watching them drown and not allowing them to get to their solutions. I put minorities in water drowning while majorities watched them from a pedestal and blocked their way to save themselves with a gate.

Advice to Others

If you want to do well on these project you have to read the reading because that is the best way to understand, especially if you do not want to talk in class. Also, I highly suggest participating in class. Not only because it is part of your participation grade but it will help you do your project. You will understand what you are doing and be able to enjoy it more and do better on it. If you really do not want to participate in class then you must do the reading because you will not understand and ultimately mess up on your project. The easiest way to get good grades on the projects is to participate. It makes the class very enjoyable and you are able to understand the material to do the project.

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