State’s Violence Monopoly: “governments (“the state”) have one specific feature that distinguishes them from other powerful organizations: they hold a monopoly on the legitimate use of force in a given territory.” (Hoynes and Croteau 2013:437) If a state’s legitimate power fails, then it can rely on its violence monopoly to govern a population using illegitimate power.



Political Socialization (Hoynes and Croteau 2013:440)



Spiral of Silence (Hoynes and Croteau 2013:441)



Corporate Lobby Dominance: “Although labor unions and single-issue groups engage in lobbying, the practice is dominated by the corporate sector….” (Hoynes and Croteau 2013:444)



Corporate Welfare: “public assistance provided to corporations…” (Hoynes and Croteau 2013:239)



Business Deregulation: “Many industries, including oil, banking, and financial services industries, lobby for reduced government regulation. Inadequate regulation and lax enforcement contributed to both the BP Gulf oil spill…and the global financial crisis….” (Hoynes and Croteau 2013:445) Businesses push for deregulation as a strategy for cutting business costs. Essentially, this translates into “if you destroy the environment, then you save money.”



War of Position: “is waged trhough efforts to gain access to voice and power in social institution (education, law, government, health care) in order to normalize discussions of social and economic inequities that inspire revolutionary acts to change structural inequities.” (Duncan-Andrade and Morrell 2008:83)



War of Maneuver: “occurs when victories in the war of position result in a widespread shift in social consciousness that leads to collective public action against inequity.” (Duncan-Andrade and Morrell 2008:83)






Power Elite: “Those corporate owners who have the interest and ability to take part in general governance join the top-level executives in the corporate community and the policy-formation network to form the power elite, which is the leadership group for the corporate rich as a whole.” (Domhoff 2010:371)



Domination: “the power to set the terms under which other groups and classes must operate, not total control.” (Domhoff 2010:374)



Ideology: “the complex set of rationales and rationalizations through which a group, class, or nation interprets the world and justifies its actions within it. An ideology usually is fervently believed by those who espouse it.” (Domhoff 2010:377)



Class Conflict: “The policy conflicts between the corporate-conservative and liberal-labor coalitions are best described as class conflicts because they primarily concern the distribution of profits and wages, the rate and progressivity of taxation, the usefulness of labor unions, and the degree to which business should be regulated by government.” (Domhoff 2010:377)



Progressive Taxation (Hoynes and Croteau 2013:238)



Regressive Taxation (Hoynes and Croteau 2013:239)